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Previous Bishops

Previous Bishops of the Diocese of Galloway

Bishop Emeritus John Cunningham (bishop 2004-2014)

Born at Paisley, 22nd February, 1938.

Saint Mary's College, Blairs
Saint Peter's College, Cardross
Scots College, Rome (J.C.D., Gregorian University, Rome, 1964)

Ordained Priest at Paisley on 29th June 1961
Assistant Priest, Our Lady of Lourdes, Bishopton, 1964-69
Extra-mural professor of Canon Law, Saint Peter's College, Cardross and Newlands (Glasgow), 1967-81
Chaplain, Moredun Convent, Paisley, 1969-74
Assistant Priest, Saint Columba's, Renfrew, 1974-86
Officialis, Scottish National Tribunal, 1986-92
Parish Priest, Saint Patrick's, Greenock, 1992-2004
Papal Chaplain, 1994
Vicar General, Diocese of Paisley, 1997-2004
Prelate of Honour, 1999

Nominated Bishop of Galloway, 7th April 2004
Ordained by Keith Patrick O'Brien, Cardinal Archbishop of Saint Andrew's and Edinburgh, at Ayr, 28th May 2004.

Resignation accepted by Pope Francis on 22nd November 2014, upon having reached the age limit. Retired to Greenock (Diocese of Paisley).

Bishop Emeritus Maurice Taylor (bishop 1981-2004)

Bishop Emeritus  Maurice TaylorBishop Taylor was born in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, on 5th May 1926.  He was baptised in Saint Mary’s church, Hamilton, and attended Saint Cuthbert’s primary school, Burnbank, before going to Saint Aloysius’ College, Glasgow, and later Our Lady’s High School, Motherwell. 

He studied philosophy at Blairs College, Aberdeen, from 1942 to 1944 and then served in the Royal Army Medical Corps, at home, in India and in Egypt.  He was at the Pontifical Scots College, Rome, from 1947 to 1951, studying theology at the Gregorian University and being ordained a priest in Rome on 2nd July, 1950. 

After a year as assistant priest in Saint Bartholomew’s, Coatbridge, he returned to Rome in 1952 where he took his doctorate in theology in 1954.  Another year as assistant priest followed, this time at Saint Bernadette’s, Motherwell, before he was appointed to the staff of Saint Peter’s College, Cardross in August 1955.  He spent the next ten years there, teaching philosophy and, later, theology; for six years he was editor of Saint Peter’s College Magazine. 

From 1965 until 1974 he was rector of the Royal Scots College, Valladolid, Spain.  To mark the bi­centenary of the re-establishment of the college in 1771, he published The Scots College in Spain in 1971 and the same year was named honorary prelate to the Holy Father.  On his return to this country in 1974, he was appointed parish priest at Our Lady of Lourdes, East Kilbride, a position he held until his elevation to bishop. He was ordained Bishop of Galloway by the late Cardinal Gray at an open-air Mass at Fatima House, Coodham on 9th June1981. 

Bishop Taylor, in the years since 1981, has developed a great interest in Latin America and has made frequent visits to various countries there and particularly to Guatemala and El Salvador.   He maintains close contacts with a number of dioceses in Latin America and particularly with Bishop Julio Cabrera of Guatemala, with whom he has stayed on many occasions.   He has also spent some months (during the armed conflict) as a “supply” parish priest in the parish of Dulce Nombre de María in El Salvador.   He was a member of a Pax Christi delegation which spent some weeks in Colombia.   Bishop Taylor is vice-president of the Catholic Institute for International Relations (now Progressio) (London). 

For more than ten years he was a member of the Episcopal Board of the International Commission on English in the Liturgy (ICEL), representing Scotland on that body.   From 1997 until 2002 he was chairman of ICEL. 

He is the author of The Scots College in Spain (1971); Guatemala: A Bishop’s Journey (1991); El Salvador: Portrait of a Parish (1992). Since retiring Bishop Taylor has written Being a Bishop in Scotland (2006) and It's the Eucharist, Thank God (2009).  The former of these more recent works gives an account of Bishop Taylor’s life and of his experiences as a bishop.  He also reflects on today’s Church with particular reference to the difficult relations between the Holy See and ICEL. The latter provides a more detailed analysis of relations between the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments and ICEL, as well as providing further reflections on the Eucharist.

Bishop Taylor is now retired in Ayr and is contactable on 01292 285865 or mauricetaylor1926@sky.com. The Bishop emeritus' personal website is at www.bishopmauricetaylor.org.uk

Coat of Arms Bishop Maurice TaylorBishop Taylor’s Coat of Arms bears the motto Ambula Coram Deo.  He explained why he chose this phrase: “When I was rector of the Royal Scots College in Spain and was researching the history of the college I learned a great deal about one of my predecessors as rector.   He was John Geddes (rector 1771-1780) and, when he was made a bishop in Scotland in 1780, he chose the motto Ambula Coram Deo.   I have such an admiration for John Geddes that I decided that, if ever I became a bishop, I would have his motto.   The words are scriptural, from the Book of Genesis, and  were the advice given to Abraham when he set out on his journey from his native Ur.   The phrase means ‘Walk in the presence of God’, good advice for Abraham, John Geddes and any believer, including myself. An irreverent friend once translated the phrase for me as ‘You’ll never walk alone’”.

Bishop Joseph Michael McGee (bishop 1952-1981)

Bishop Joseph Michael McGee: born Monzievaird and Strowan, Perthshire, 13th December 1904; priest Valladolid, 25th May 1929; nominated bishop of Galloway, 19th July 1952 and consecrated at Dumfries 11th November 1952; resigned, 4th April 1981; died Prestwick, 5th March 1983.

Bishop William Henry Mellon (coadjutor 1935-1943; bishop 1943-1952)

Bishop Willam Henry Mellon: born Edinburgh, 6th January 1877; priest, Rome, 29th March 1902, nominated titular bishop of Daulia and coadjutor bishop of Galloway, 21st August 1935, and consecrated at Edinburgh, 28th October 1935; succeeded to Galloway, 24th December 1943, died Dumfries, 2nd February 1952.

Bishop James William McCarthy (bishop 1914-1943)

Bishop James William McCarthy: born at Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, 30th January 1853; priest, Glasgow, 4th May 1879; nominated bishop of Galloway, 25th May 1914, and consecrated at Dumfries, 9th June 1914; died Dumfries, 24th December 1943.

Bishop William Turner (bishop 1893-1914)

Bishop William Turner born Aberdeen, 12th December 1844; priest, Rome 26th April 1868; nominated bishop of Galloway, 16th June 1893, and consecrated at Dumfries, 25th July 1893; died Dumfries, 19th January 1914.

Bishop John McLachlan (bishop 1878-1893)

Bishop John McLachlan: born at Glasgow, 7th September 1826; priest, Rome 16th March 1850; nominated bishop of Galloway, 22nd March 1878, and consecrated at Glasgow, 23rd May 1878; died Dumfries, 16th January 1893.